Private Member Bill: YSRC MP V Vijayasai Reddy recently introduced three Private Member Bills in the Rajya Sabha.
- One on the bill he introduced is the Constitution (Amendment) Bill, 2022 for insertion of new article 3A.
- It seeks to provide state legislatures with explicit legislative competence to establish one or more capitals within their territory.
- The state government had plans to develop three capitals for Andhra Pradesh.
- The other two were the Representation of People Amendment Bill, 2022 and Press Council (Amendment) Bill, 2022.
Representation of People (Amendment) Bill, 2022 was introduced to enable the members of Parliament and State legislatures get mandatory bail for the purpose of participating in the proceedings of their respective houses and voting in the elections for the president and vice-president or any other office.
The Press Council (Amendment) Bill, 2022 was introduced to give teeth to the Press Council of India to act against fake news being spread by ‘All Biased News’ Channels.
Key Facts Private Member Bill:
- A private member's bill is a bill (proposed law) introduced by the Member of Parliament (MP) who is not a Minister.
- Members of Parliament (MPs) other than ministers are private members.
- Private Members can also move legislative proposal or bill which he/she thinks is appropriate to be present in the Statute Book.
- Members of Parliament of both the ruling party as well as the opposition can introduce a Private Member Bill.
- The Member must give At least a month’s notice must be given by the member before the introduction of the Bill.
- It is then examined by the House secretariat for compliance with constitutional provisions and rules on legislation before listing.
- The Private Member bill, in order to become an act, must be passed in both the houses.
- Once passed in both houses, Presidential assent is also mandatory for the bill to become an Act.
- Such Bills can be introduced and discussed only on Fridays.
- Number of private member bills has been capped to 3 per session of Parliament.
Admissibility of a Private Member’s Bill:
- The admissibility is decided by the Chairman for Rajya Sabha and Speaker in the case of Lok Sabha. The procedure is roughly the same for both Houses:
There are two kinds of bills that are introduced in parliament for the legislative procedure:
- Public Bills
- Private Bills
Public Bills are called government bill whereas private bills are called private members’ bill.
President’s role in a Private Member Bill:
According to the present traditions, the Indian President can easily discard a private member's bill by exercising his absolute veto power.