11th Agricultural Census 2021-22: Union Minister Narendra Singh Tomar on July 28, 2022 launched the 11th Agriculture Census 2021-22.
Key Points about Agricultural Census 2021-22:
- The fieldwork for the census will start in August 2022.
- It was launched to gather data on several parameters, including operational holdings.
- For first time the data will be collected via smartphones and tablets for the first time.
- The agriculture Census is conducted every 5 years.
- The census is being undertaken now after a delay due to COVID-19 pandemic.
- The main focus of the census is to increase the income of the farmers and empower them by organizing small farmers.
- On the occasion, Shri Tomar also released the Handbook on Operational Guidelines for Census for the use of States/UTs and launched the Data Collection Portal/App.
- The new initiatives highlighted in the presentation include the use of digital land records like land title records and survey reports, collection of data through app/software using smartphone/tablet, complete enumeration of all villages in states with non-land records during Phase-I as done in states having land records, and real-time monitoring of progress and processing.
Agriculture Census in India:
- Agricultural Census is the main source of information on a variety of agricultural parameters at a relatively minute level, such as the number and area of operational holdings, their size, class-wise distribution, land use, tenancy and cropping pattern, etc.
- The Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare (DA&FW) conducts Agriculture Census in India every 5 years in collaboration with States and Union Territories (UTs) following standard concepts, definitions and methodology.
- The agriculture Census Scheme is being undertaken by Agriculture Ministry from 1970-71.
- Since then ten Agriculture Censuses have been conducted.
- The last edition of the Agriculture census was conducted in 2015-16.
- It is being conducted in India, on the basis of guidelines of decennial World Census of Agriculture (WCA) that has been formulated by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations.
- The Agriculture Census Scheme was converted to Central Sector Scheme, from a Centrally-Sponsored Scheme, in 2007-08.
- Therefore, the central government provides 100% financial assistance to States or UTs for payment of salaries, honoraria, office expenses, and printing of schedules, etc.
Agriculture Census is conducted in a gap of how many years?
A) 7 years
B) 6 years
C) 5 years
D) 4 years