The Union Cabinet has approved the National Green Hydrogen Mission with an initial outlay of 19 thousand 744 crore rupees. Ministry of New & Renewable Energy will be responsible for overall coordination and implementation of the Mission.
The mission intends to make India a global hub for the production, utilisation, and export of green hydrogen. The mission will help in India becoming energy independent and in decarbonisation of major sectors of the economy.
The initial outlay for the Mission will be Rs.19,744 crore, including an outlay of Rs.17,490 crore for the Strategic Interventions for Green Hydrogen Transition (SIGHT) programme, Rs.1,466 crore for pilot projects, Rs.400 crore for R&D, and Rs. 388 crore towards other Mission components.
Possible outcomes of the National Green Hydrogen Mission
- Development of green hydrogen production capacity of at least 5 MMT (Million Metric Tonne) per annum with an associated renewable energy capacity addition of about 125 GW in the country
- Over INR 8 lakh crore crore in total investments
- Creation of over 6 lakh jobs
- Cumulative reduction in fossil fuel imports over INR 1 lakh crore
- Abatement of nearly 50 MMT of annual greenhouse gas emissions
Wide ranging benefits of National Green Hydrogen Mission
The Hydrogen Mission is expected to have following benefits:
- Decarbonisation of industrial, mobility and energy sectors
- Creation of export opportunities for Green Hydrogen and its derivatives
- Development of indigenous manufacturing capabilities
- Reduction in dependence on imported fossil fuels and feedstock
- Creation of employment opportunities
- Development of cutting-edge technologies
The Mission will facilitate demand creation, production, utilization and export of Green Hydrogen.
Under the SIGHT Programme, two distinct financial incentive mechanisms – targeting domestic manufacturing of electrolysers and production of Green Hydrogen – will be provided under the Mission. The Mission will also support pilot projects in emerging end-use sectors and production pathways. Regions capable of supporting large scale production and/or utilization of Hydrogen will be identified and developed as Green Hydrogen Hubs.
An enabling policy framework will be developed to support establishment of Green Hydrogen ecosystem. A robust Standards and Regulations framework will be also developed. Further, a public-private partnership framework for R&D (Strategic Hydrogen Innovation Partnership – SHIP) will be facilitated under the Mission; R&D projects will be goal-oriented, time bound, and suitably scaled up to develop globally competitive technologies. A coordinated skill development programme will also be undertaken under the Mission.
For successful achievement of the Mission objectives, it will be incumbent on the concerned Central and State Governments ministries, departments, agencies and institutions to undertake focussed and coordinated steps to ensure successful achievement of the Mission objectives.