National Handlooms Day 2022

National Handloom Day 2022: India celebrates National Handloom Day (NHD) on 7th of August every year.

Key Points:

  • This day is celebrated to honour the handloom weavers.
  • The day also highlights the contribution of the handloom industry to the socioeconomic development of the country and increased the income of the weavers.
  • It also raises awareness among people regarding the handloom industry.
  • The day also aims to protect the rich handloom heritage of India as well as to empower handloom community by providing better opportunities.
  • Ministry of Textile is the nodal agency of the celebration.
  • 2022 marks the 8th National Handloom Day.
  • The Ministry of Textiles will be celebrating National Handloom day at Dilli Haat which is celebrated from August 1 to August 15.

 Theme of NHD 2022:

This year theme of National Handloom Day 2022 is” Handloom, an Indian legacy”.

History of NHD:

  • The Union government officially declared August 7 as NHD in July 2015.
  • In 2015, the Honorable Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi declared August 7 as National Handloom Day.
  • It was on this day in 1905 that the Swadeshi Movement was launched
  • First National Handloom Day was celebrated on August 7, 2015 in Chennai.

Swadeshi Movement:

  • India’s handloom industry played a significant role in Swadeshi Movement.
  • The Swadeshi Movement was launched in the Calcutta Town hall to protest against the partition of Bengal by the British Government on August 7, 1905.
  • This movement was aimed to inspire and organize people to take up local goods and boycott the imported goods.
  • As a part of the movement, almost every household started production of khadi.

When India got independence, Indian flag made of Khadi was unfurled near India Gate.

About Indian handloom Industry:

  • Handloom is a symbol of India's glorious cultural heritage and an important source of livelihood.
  • It is the largest industry in India.
  • It is an important source of employment across rural areas of India.
  • This industry contributes significantly to the empowerment of women.
  • Women make up 70% of all weavers and related occupations.
  • Products manufactured by weaving community are in high demand all around the world.
  • The Indian handloom sector exports its products to more than 20 countries worldwide, like the UK, Germany,the USA, France, and South Africa.

Initiatives by the Indian Government:

The government, apart from celebrating the day in a general sense, has put in place a number of programmes.

These initiatives include the following:

  • Comprehensive Handloom Cluster Development Scheme (CHCDS),
  • National Handloom Development Programme (NHDP),
  • Handloom Weavers Comprehensive Welfare Scheme (HWCWS), and
  • Yarn Supply Scheme (YSS).

These programmes intend to boost the handloom sector while helping it go international.

Some of the known handlooms include -

  • Tamil Nadu’s famous Kanchipuram sarees,
  • the Paithani weaves of Maharashtra, 
  • Muga Silk from Assam, and
  • Mysore Silk from Karnataka among others.