National Handloom Day 2022: India celebrates National Handloom Day (NHD) on 7th of August every year.
- This day is celebrated to honour the handloom weavers.
- The day also highlights the contribution of the handloom industry to the socioeconomic development of the country and increased the income of the weavers.
- It also raises awareness among people regarding the handloom industry.
- The day also aims to protect the rich handloom heritage of India as well as to empower handloom community by providing better opportunities.
- Ministry of Textile is the nodal agency of the celebration.
- 2022 marks the 8th National Handloom Day.
- The Ministry of Textiles will be celebrating National Handloom day at Dilli Haat which is celebrated from August 1 to August 15.
Theme of NHD 2022:
This year theme of National Handloom Day 2022 is” Handloom, an Indian legacy”.
History of NHD:
- The Union government officially declared August 7 as NHD in July 2015.
- In 2015, the Honorable Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi declared August 7 as National Handloom Day.
- It was on this day in 1905 that the Swadeshi Movement was launched
- First National Handloom Day was celebrated on August 7, 2015 in Chennai.
- India’s handloom industry played a significant role in Swadeshi Movement.
- The Swadeshi Movement was launched in the Calcutta Town hall to protest against the partition of Bengal by the British Government on August 7, 1905.
- This movement was aimed to inspire and organize people to take up local goods and boycott the imported goods.
- As a part of the movement, almost every household started production of khadi.
When India got independence, Indian flag made of Khadi was unfurled near India Gate.
About Indian handloom Industry:
- Handloom is a symbol of India's glorious cultural heritage and an important source of livelihood.
- It is the largest industry in India.
- It is an important source of employment across rural areas of India.
- This industry contributes significantly to the empowerment of women.
- Women make up 70% of all weavers and related occupations.
- Products manufactured by weaving community are in high demand all around the world.
- The Indian handloom sector exports its products to more than 20 countries worldwide, like the UK, Germany,the USA, France, and South Africa.
Initiatives by the Indian Government:
The government, apart from celebrating the day in a general sense, has put in place a number of programmes.
These initiatives include the following:
- Comprehensive Handloom Cluster Development Scheme (CHCDS),
- National Handloom Development Programme (NHDP),
- Handloom Weavers Comprehensive Welfare Scheme (HWCWS), and
- Yarn Supply Scheme (YSS).
These programmes intend to boost the handloom sector while helping it go international.
Some of the known handlooms include -
- Tamil Nadu’s famous Kanchipuram sarees,
- the Paithani weaves of Maharashtra,
- Muga Silk from Assam, and
- Mysore Silk from Karnataka among others.
India's Handloom played a significant role in which movement during the Independence struggle?
A) Non-Cooperation Movement (1920)
B) Swadeshi Movement
C) Civil Disobedience Movement: Dandi March (1930)
D) Quit India Movement (1942)