55th Anniversary of ASEAN: ASEAN (the Association of Southeast Asian Nations) recently celebrated its 55th anniversary.
The 55th ASEAN day was celebrated amidst challenges from within the 10-member regional grouping and the tensions in the region emanating from the United States (US)-China rivalry.
ASEAN-India Friendship Year:
- The year 2022 also marks the 30th Anniversary of ASEAN-India Dialogue Relations & the 10th anniversary of India’s Strategic Partnership with ASEAN.
- Therefore, 2022 has been designated as the ASEAN-India Friendship Year.
- The ASEAN-India Centre (AIC) at Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS), New Delhi, organized a panel discussion on the occasion of the 55th Anniversary of ASEAN.
Theme of 2022 ASEAN Day:
- The theme of 2022 ASEAN Day is “Stronger Together” that invites and welcomes the forward-minded people of ASEAN to come in synchronization and work as a collective to face the challenges of 21st Century.
- ASEAN symbolizes the spirit of solidarity and peaceful, prosperous and socially responsible ASEAN Community.
- ASEAN refers to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
- It is a regional intergovernmental organization.
- It comprises of 10 countries in Southeast Asia.
- The 10-member countries are Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam, Brunei, Cambodia, Myanmar (Burma), Laos.
- It was created on 8 August 1967 by 5 countries namely Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines and Thailand. The ASEAN Secretariat is located at Jakarta, Indonesia.
- It was created with an aim to promote intergovernmental cooperation.
- The organization also facilitates political, economic, military, educational, security, and socio-cultural integration among its members as well as in other countries in Asia.
- Chairmanship of ASEAN rotates annually, on the basis of alphabetical order of English names of member states.
- The ASEAN Secretariat is located in Indonesia, Jakarta.
The first ASEAN Summit was held in Bali, Indonesia in 1976.
ASEAN - India Relations:
- ASEAN has been India’s utmost priority under its Act East Policy.
- Both ASEAN and India believe that openness, inclusiveness, rules-based order, freedom of navigation and peaceful settlement of disputes lie at the very core of the Indo-Pacific.
- India shares a deep connection with ASEAN and has continued its active engagement in many areas contributing to regional peace and stability, particularly through ASEAN-led mechanisms.
Institutional mechanisms for engaging ASEAN:
- East Asia Summit.
- ASEAN Regional Forum.
- ASEAN-led frameworks.
- India-ASEAN economic engagements.
- Sectoral Dialogue mechanisms.
- Delhi Dialogue.
- The ASEAN-India Plan of Action & sectoral level Work Plans, for cooperation activities.